1. The principles of information management
Project information management results from the following general principles:
- information is continually produced and capitalized of in continous way,
- a certain amount of information is accumulated and updated during the project,
- the updating of sensitive information is monitored,
- information is exchanged between partners.
Therefore, it is necessary to define processes and to set up methodological tools - computerized or not, depending on the issues and practices of every project - in support of the management of project information.
2. Information management processes
The development of the expected product comes along with the development of an information reference system, throughout the life cycle of the project. It maturity goes increasing since the consideration of needs and ends with the last review before final delivery.
There is a common core of project information supported by 4 interdependent processes:
- requirement engineering and risk control, which produce the "content",
- documentation management and configuration management, which propose ways of managing the "container".
Project information within its environment
The implementation methods for each of the preceding information management processes are specified in a group of plans drawn up by the project team (documentation management plan, configuration management plan, requirements management plan and risk management plan).
Likewise, dedicated data-based tools can be implemented for each family of information (for documentation, technical events, requirements, change requests, risks, ...).
The issue then arises of connecting information contained in the different databases.